Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes, or as it's fully called Diabetes Mellitus, is in fact two completely different diseases type 1 and type 2, and from a nutritional point of view each should be treated differently, therefore we have a plan for both.

Blood sugar (glucose) levels are controlled by a hormone called insulin, produced by the pancreas. Glucose comes from the digestion of starchy foods, such as bread and potatoes, from sugar and naturally sweet foods, and the liver where it is made and passed into the blood. In diabetes glucose cannot be used effectively as a fuel by the body, leading to increased levels in the blood, and the excess glucose passes over into urine making the patient pass more urine and feel thirsty. Other symptoms include tiredness, blurred vision and disorientation.

Type 2 diabetes is a disease caused by the inability of insulin to act properly on tissues, see our meal plan (coming soon). In type 1 diabetes the pancreas produces no insulin at all, so the patient has to be treated with injections of insulin as well as a suitable diet. There are a number of different types of insulin which your doctor will put you on. Older insulin regimens were a lot stricter and diabetics had to follow very strict eating times. Newer regimens encourage the patients themselves to take more control over their own nutrition and they can do this by having one injection of long acting insulin per day and an appropriate dose of super-fast acting insulin prior to a meal. However, regular meals and snacks are still encouraged, especially in respect of carbohydrate foods. Diabetics should aim for slow-released low glycaemic carbs as the basis of each meal and snack. See our Glycaemic Index Tables for GI values of foods.



It's important that diabetics follow a suitable diet because:

What you eat affects your blood glucose levels
Being a healthy weight helps control your blood sugar levels
Diet affects the amounts and type of fats in blood, keeping these to a desired level reduces risk of heart disease
However, in reality there is nothing revolutionary and special about a diet for type 1 diabetics; it's simply based on the healthy eating guidelines which we all should be following.

A word of caution though, so called 'diabetic products' such as special chocolates, cakes, biscuits, etc are not recommended. Eating a range of low fat, low sugar, high fibre 'ordinary' foods is far better. Many of these 'diabetic products' are no lower in fat or calories and are normally more expensive. Some contain the sweetener sorbitol which can cause wind, stomach upsets and diarrhoea. However 'low sugar'/'sugar-free' products, like diet soft drinks, are fine, and can be enjoyed.

If you are a diabetic and partake in regular sports or exercise then you will need special considerations. Plan coming soon.

The following meal plan is an example plan of a healthy diet which is suitable for a type 1 diabetic. Use this to give you an idea of what are healthy nutritious foods to include, but don't forget to vary your food choices and to drink plenty of water through the day. Remember to check with your doctor or diabetes specialist nurse before following this plan.
Today
Thursday, Jul 7, 2022 UTC/GMT +03:00
Thursday, Jul 7, 2022 UTC/GMT +03:00
Thu Jul 7 08:00 - 08:00 High fibre cereal (porridge, no added sugar muesli, Shredded Wheat, Weetabix, etc) + skimmed milk + sweetener (optional) and/or 1-2 slices granary bread with olive oil-based spread 200ml fruit juice Mug tea/coffee
10:00 - 10:00 2-3 oatcakes Item fruit Drink
13:00 - 13:00 Sandwich: 2 slices granary bread + olive oil-based spread + slice deli chicken/ham or tuna in low fat natural yoghurt or smoked salmon or tuna or chopped chicken with basmati rice Mixed salad Low fat / low sugar yoghurt Drink water
16:00 - 16:00 Large handful mixed nuts/seeds Item fruit Mug tea/coffee
19:00 - 19:00 Chicken breast or white fish or lean meat and basmati rice or wholewheat pasta or jacket potato or sweet potato and loads of veg or large salad and home-made sauce (optional)
22:00 - 22:00 1-2 slices granary bread with olive oil-based spread or 2-3 oatcakes Drink water
Fri Jul 8 08:00 - 08:00 High fibre cereal (porridge, no added sugar muesli, Shredded Wheat, Weetabix, etc) + skimmed milk + sweetener (optional) and/or 1-2 slices granary bread with olive oil-based spread 200ml fruit juice Mug tea/coffee
10:00 - 10:00 2-3 oatcakes Item fruit Drink
13:00 - 13:00 Sandwich: 2 slices granary bread + olive oil-based spread + slice deli chicken/ham or tuna in low fat natural yoghurt or smoked salmon or tuna or chopped chicken with basmati rice Mixed salad Low fat / low sugar yoghurt Drink water
16:00 - 16:00 Large handful mixed nuts/seeds Item fruit Mug tea/coffee
19:00 - 19:00 Chicken breast or white fish or lean meat and basmati rice or wholewheat pasta or jacket potato or sweet potato and loads of veg or large salad and home-made sauce (optional)
22:00 - 22:00 1-2 slices granary bread with olive oil-based spread or 2-3 oatcakes Drink water
Sat Jul 9 08:00 - 08:00 High fibre cereal (porridge, no added sugar muesli, Shredded Wheat, Weetabix, etc) + skimmed milk + sweetener (optional) and/or 1-2 slices granary bread with olive oil-based spread 200ml fruit juice Mug tea/coffee
10:00 - 10:00 2-3 oatcakes Item fruit Drink
13:00 - 13:00 Sandwich: 2 slices granary bread + olive oil-based spread + slice deli chicken/ham or tuna in low fat natural yoghurt or smoked salmon or tuna or chopped chicken with basmati rice Mixed salad Low fat / low sugar yoghurt Drink water
16:00 - 16:00 Large handful mixed nuts/seeds Item fruit Mug tea/coffee
19:00 - 19:00 Chicken breast or white fish or lean meat and basmati rice or wholewheat pasta or jacket potato or sweet potato and loads of veg or large salad and home-made sauce (optional)
22:00 - 22:00 1-2 slices granary bread with olive oil-based spread or 2-3 oatcakes Drink water
Sun Jul 10 08:00 - 08:00 High fibre cereal (porridge, no added sugar muesli, Shredded Wheat, Weetabix, etc) + skimmed milk + sweetener (optional) and/or 1-2 slices granary bread with olive oil-based spread 200ml fruit juice Mug tea/coffee
10:00 - 10:00 2-3 oatcakes Item fruit Drink
13:00 - 13:00 Sandwich: 2 slices granary bread + olive oil-based spread + slice deli chicken/ham or tuna in low fat natural yoghurt or smoked salmon or tuna or chopped chicken with basmati rice Mixed salad Low fat / low sugar yoghurt Drink water
16:00 - 16:00 Large handful mixed nuts/seeds Item fruit Mug tea/coffee
19:00 - 19:00 Chicken breast or white fish or lean meat and basmati rice or wholewheat pasta or jacket potato or sweet potato and loads of veg or large salad and home-made sauce (optional)
22:00 - 22:00 1-2 slices granary bread with olive oil-based spread or 2-3 oatcakes Drink water
Recommended by

You should login or register to send a friendship invitation. If you already have an account , please login in your account:

×