surgery, urology

Urology, surgery - forum with Physicians !

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
 
For the scientific journal, see Urology (journal).
Urologist
Occupation
Names Doctor, Medical Specialist
Occupation type
Specialty
Activity sectors
MedicineSurgery
Description
Competencies surgery of urinary tract and male genitalia
Education required
Doctor of MedicineDoctor of Osteopathic Medicine

Urology (from Greek οὖρον ouron "urine" and -λογία -logia "study of"), also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on the surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary tractsystem and the male reproductive organs. The organs under the domain of urology include the kidneysadrenal glandsuretersurinary bladder,urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testesepididymisvas deferensseminal vesiclesprostate and penis).

The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and disorders of one often affect the other. Thus a major spectrum of the conditions managed in urology exists under the domain of genitourinary disorders. Urology combines the management of medical (i.e., non-surgical) conditions such as urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, with the management of surgical conditions such as bladder or prostate cancerkidney stones, congenital abnormalities, traumatic injury, and stress incontinence.

Urology has traditionally been on the cutting-edge of surgical technology in the field of medicine; including minimally invasive robotic and laparoscopic surgery, laser assisted surgeries, and a host of other unique scope-procedures. Urologists are well-trained in open and minimally-invasive techniques, employing real-time ultrasound guidance, fiber-optic endoscopic equipment, and various lasers in the treatment of multiple benign and malignant conditions.[1] In addition, urologists are pioneers in the use of robotics in laparoscopic surgery. Urology is closely related to (and urologists often collaborate with the practitioners of) the medical fields of oncologynephrologygynaecologyandrology, pediatric surgery, colorectal surgery, gastroenterology, and endocrinology.

Urology is one of the most competitive and a highly sought-after surgical specialty to enter for physicians, with new urologists comprising less than 1.5% of U.S. medical school graduates each year.[2][3] In Canada, Urology is an exceedingly difficult specialty to match, with less than 0.1% of the position dedicated to Urology.

Urologic surgeons, or urologists, undergo a rigorous post-graduate surgical training period for a minimum duration of five years, of which 12 months must be completed in general surgery and 36 months must be completed in clinical urology. The remaining 12 months are spent in general surgery, urology or other clinical disciplines relevant to urology.[4] Upon successful completion of a residency program, some urologists choose to undergo further advanced training in a sub-specialty area of expertise through a fellowship lasting an additional 12 to 36 months. These may include: Urological-Oncology Surgery, Endourological Surgery, Urogynecological Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Minimally-invasive-urological Surgery, Paediatric urology, Transplant Urology, voiding dysfunction, neurourology, and androurology and sexual medicine.

 

 

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